10-year plan for Circular Biobased Delta 2020-2030
Transition to a circular & biobased economy
By 2030, CO2 emissions must be reduced by 49% and 95% in 2050 compared to 1990. How will the Netherlands achieve this? Government, business and civil society organizations discussed this at so-called ‘climate tables’ last year. After months of negotiations on the five themes: electricity, industry, mobility, built environment and agriculture and land use, a draft climate agreement was drawn up at the end of 2018 and this has now been converted into a final agreement in 2019. The climate law was already passed in the Parliament. The illustration below briefly explains what needs to be done over the next 10 years and how we should tackle it to achieve our goals in the Delta region.
Rich-breed program “the netherlands circular in 2050” and resources agreement
The agreements from the Government-wide Program “The Netherlands will be circular in 2050” and the transition agendas from the Raw Materials Agreement will be implemented as part of the climate task. In the Raw Materials Agreement it has been agreed to draw up transition agendas for five priority raw material chains: biomass and food, plastics, manufacturing industry, construction and consumer goods. These agendas were completed in January 2018. These agendas will be implemented through ten intersecting themes.
Interesting for Biobased Delta are the following actions:
- Producer responsibility where producers and importers are partly responsible for the cost and effectiveness of waste management of the products they place on the market. We will first look at disposable products (cotton tips, straws, etc.), furniture (including mattresses) and textiles. In particular, the focus is on reducing one-off, non-degradable plastic applications. This offers opportunities for biobased materials.
- Develop stimulating laws and regulations. In addition to formal regulations, the Cabinet invites the business community to design self-management with standards and certification.
- Commitment to circular design, including safe-by-design (products without harmful substances) and use of generally available raw materials (if an entrepreneur produces biobased, try to produce circularly at the same time).
- Establishing a concrete ambition to achieve a saving of 1 Mton CO2 in 2021 by means of circular procurement by governments. Public Responsible Procurement (PRP) is an instrument to stimulate desired social developments through procurement. Circular purchasing is one of the important themes within PRP. More than 150 governments signed the Manifesto and circular procurement is reflected in many action plans of these governments.
- Investigate which additional mechanisms stimulate the market to invest more in products and services with less CO2 emissions and more reuse.
- Finding financing for circular business cases and innovation together with entrepreneurs and banks.
- The government will monitor the development of the circular economy, in line with the European monitoring system.
- Train a public campaign and the next generation by paying attention to the circular economy in education.
- The government will focus internationally on the circular economy, with Rotterdam becoming the biobased mainport for Europe.
- The government will set up an Accelerator House to stimulate (regional) circular initiatives and major breakthrough projects and to remove obstacles that SMEs encounter.
Situation t.a.v. climate in the biobased delta region
In Europe, the Netherlands ranks 7 out of 29 countries for total greenhouse gas emissions per EU country. Europe emitted nearly 4,500 million tons / year (mt / a) of CO2 (equivalents) and the Netherlands emitted about 200 mt / a (see graph below). Approximately 50% of the tons of CO2 in the Netherlands are emitted in the Delta region (South Holland, Zeeland and North Brabant) together, with South Holland being the largest (see also in the picture below).
The distribution of CO2 emissions over the 3 provinces is different, as mentioned above. This is also the case with regard to what is contributed within the 3 provinces by the energy, industry and by the complex “Mobility-Construction-Household-Agro & Food-Other”. See below a picture where this is divided per province, including the focus on how this should be done. Also solutions and technical innovations, which we participate in from Biobased Delta, both for the Industrial agenda and the provincial / municipal agenda.
Circular & biobased solutions are needed to achieve the target
As indicated earlier, we must have jointly reduced approx. 40 mt / a CO2 in 2030 and 95% in 2050 within the Delta region. To achieve this, all circular plans (such as energy, reuse of raw materials / building blocks) have been calculated. This means that approximately 75% of the objectives can be achieved. There will still be about 10 mt / a in 2030 and about 20 mt / a in 2050. This must therefore be done by means of biomass or biobased solutions. (see the image – new is the part to be filled in biobased).
The Circular Biobased Economy in the Delta region can be seen as a circle of activities and projects. From Raw material to Building blocks to Finished products and then again to Raw material (see the image below). As Circular Biobased Delta we have defined 8 routes, where we work on projects together with many others within the region and which should yield the additional 10 mt / a CO2 reduction in 2030. In the image below, on the right-hand side, are the 7 areas that we have defined, from which circular biobased projects must achieve 10 mt / a CO2 savings. The different routes also return in the circle on the left. All in all, a considerable joint challenge for all of us.